Knowledge is power!

European Union – BREXIT and Beyond

How and Why the European Union Was Formed

  • 1951 – Treaty of Paris – European Coal and Steel Community
  • Why Was the UK Denied Membership?
  • 1957, 1973 – European Economic Community Formed – the UK Finally Joins
  • Schengen Treaty … Maastricht Treaty

Intended Benefits to EU Member States

  • Access to the “Single Market” – 500,000 Strong
  • Freedoms of Movement of People, Goods, Service, Cash
  • Centralized, “Federalist” Type Governance
  • Common Currency – The Euro

Disadvantages of EU Membership

  • Lack of Sovereignty
  • Uncontrolled Immigration – Institutional Paralysis
  • Lack of Mega-Organizational Responsiveness and Accountability to EU Citizens
  • Dramatic Cultural and Financial Differences 

BREXIT – Why the UK Wants Out!

  • Average Workers in the UK Have Been Left Behind
  • All Important Decisions Are Made Far Away, in Brussels
  • Immigration Is Taking Away Jobs, Diluting British Culture
  • Farmers, Fishermen, and Factory Workers Are Being Forgotten 

Unintended Consequences and “Inconvenient Truths”

  • Denial of Access to The “Single Market” – Currency Devalued
  • 47 Years of Treaties, Agreements, Protocols Expire on 12/31/20
  • Loss of “Four Freedoms” – The Movement of People, Goods, Services, and Cash
  • Scotland and First Minister Nicola Sturgeon Both Want Out – Now! 

Impact on the EU and the US

  • The UK Is Our Most Loyal Ally
  • US Trading Surplus With the UK
  • EU Loses Its Second-Largest Economy, a Seat at the UN Security Council
  • If Brexit Works for the UK, Other EU Member-States Might Follow 

MIDDLE EAST – Shifting Sands - Changing Role of the US

Iran

  • JCPOA – US Backs Out … Risks of a Nuclear Iran … How Will Other Arab Nations Respond
  • US Sanctions … Impact on Iranian Economy … Europe and China Oil Customers
  • Continued Support to Houthis, Hamas, Hezbollah, Syria, and Bashar Assad
  • Who Will Replace Soleimani? 

Syria

  • Will the Civil War Ever End?
  • US Commitment Now and the Future
  • Proxy War – Is There a Way Out?
  • Will Syria Be “Balkanized”? 

Israel

  • Two-State Solution
  • Threats From Hamas, Hezbollah, Iran, et al.
  • Continued Support From the US
  • West Bank … Golan Heights … Gaza 

Afghanistan

  • Ongoing Peace Talks
  • US Involvement Now and in the Future
  • Taliban … Relationship With Pakistan
  • China 

Iraq

  • Coalition Government … Success or Failure?
  • Assessment of US Occupation
  • ISIS … Alive or Dead … What’s Next?
  • Iran – Friend or Foe? 

Saudi Arabia v. Iran or Sunni v. Shiite

  • What Are the Issues?
  • Saudi Arabia and Iran … Prospects of Peace
  • Oil Choke Points… Who Should Protect?
  • US Self-Sufficiency of Oil/ Natural Gas 

CHINA - World-wide Dominance o

World’s Largest Exporter – For How Long?

  • Goal to Become a Consumption Economy Instead of an Exporting One
  • Will a New Trade Agreement Between the US and China This Year?
  • Will Electrical Machinery Continue to Be the Top Export? If Not, What?
  • Tariffs – What Will Be the Impact in China … in the US? Will Tariffs Be Successful 

Belt Road Initiative – (BRI)

  • What Countries Will Be Affected?
  • How Much Will the BRI Cost? Expected Return?
  • Will There Be Any “Roadblocks?”
  • Will Other Exporters Be Allowed to Use the BRI? 

China’s Investment in Africa

  • What Is China’s Mission As It Invests Heavily in Africa?
  • Will Loans to African Countries Realistically Be Paid Back? If Not, Consequences?
  • Is China Engaged in “Neo-Colonialism?”
  • What Chinese Exports Will Move Through the BRI? 

China’s Investment in South America

  • Is the China/South American Investment a “Redo” of the Same in Africa?
  • What Will Happen if the Loans to South Americans Default?
  • What Will the US Position on China’s Expansion in South America?
  • Will the Provisions of the Monroe Doctrine Apply? 

China’s Long Term Intentions

  • How Much Will China Be Investing in the Middle East, Africa, South America?
  • Will China Succeed in Becoming a Consumption Economy Instead of an Exporting One?
  • Does China Intend to Expand and Conquer As the Soviet Union Hoped to Do?
  • How Will China Manage Unrest in Hong Kong, Tibet, and Xin Xiang? 

China – Friend or Foe?

  • Is China a Military Threat to the US ….to Other Asian Countries?
  • How Much Does China Spend on Its Military Compared to the US?
  • What Is China’s Intention When Creating Military Islands?
  • Will China Invade Taiwan? 

IMMIGRATION – Why We Must Make it Work

How and Why the European Union Was Formed

  • 1951 – Treaty of Paris – European Coal and Steel Community
  • Why Was the UK Denied Membership?
  • 1957, 1973 – European Economic Community Formed – the UK Finally Joins
  • Schengen Treaty … Maastricht Treaty 

Intended Benefits to EU Member States

  • Access to the “Single Market” – 500,000 Strong
  • Freedoms of Movement of People, Goods, Service, Cash
  • Centralized, “Federalist” Type Governance
  • Common Currency – The Euro 

Disadvantages of EU Membership

  • Lack of Sovereignty
  • Uncontrolled Immigration – Institutional Paralysis
  • Lack of Mega-Organizational Responsiveness and Accountability to EU Citizens
  • Dramatic Cultural and Financial Differences 

BREXIT – Why the UK Wants Out!

  • Average Workers in the UK Have Been Left Behind
  • All Important Decisions Are Made Far Away, in Brussels
  • Immigration Is Taking Away Jobs, Diluting British Culture
  • Farmers, Fishermen, and Factory Workers Are Being Forgotten 

Unintended Consequences and “Inconvenient Truths”

  • Denial of Access to The” Single Market” – Currency Devalued
  • 47 Years of Treaties, Agreements, Protocols Expire on 12/31/20
  • Loss of “Four Freedoms” – The Movement of People, Goods, Services, Cash
  • Scotland and First Minister Nicola Sturgeon Both Want Out – Now! 

Impact on the EU and the US

  • The UK Is Our Most Loyal Ally
  • US Trading Surplus With the UK
  • EU Loses Its Second-Largest Economy, a Seat at the UN Security Council
  • If Brexit Works for the UK, Other EU Member-States Might Follow 

Douglas MacArthur – "American Caesar" is what they called hi

From a family of greatness

  • Arthur MacArthur – Federal Judge, friend of Abraham Lincoln, Governor of Wisconsin
  • Arthur MacArthur, Jr. Medal of Honor at the Battle of Missionary Ridge
  • Renown Army general, Indian fighter, Military General of the Philippines
  • Arthur MacArthur III, US Naval Academy, winner of the Navy Cross in World War I

Early Years, West Point, first assignment to the Philippines, Vera Cruz

  • West Point – hazing incident – class standing – US Grant III, classmate, MacArthur’s mother
  • Philippines – exploring old and new battlefields
  • Vera Crus – Medal of Honor recommendation – denied!

World War I

  • Rainbow Division – 42nd Infantry
  • Relationship with General Pershing, George C. Marshall
  • Battlefield command
  • 2 Distinguished Service Crosses, 7 Silver Star Medals

West Point ... US Olympic Team ... Chief of Staff

  • Superintendent of West Point - changes
  • Marriage to 1st wife
  • President of US Olympic Team
  • Chief of Staff or the Army – Bonus March – 1st retirement

World War II

  • Philippines – 2nd marriage – Japan invades – escape to Australia
  • Operation Cartwheel... Invasion of Leyte Gulf- “I have returned”
  • Japan surrenders – rebuilding Japan facing Communist threat
  • Presidential ambition

Japan ... Korea

  • North Korea invades the south – “Dunkirk like” dilemma
  • Inchon Landing
  • “Home by Christmas” offensive – disaster follows
  • Fired by Truman – the HERO returns!